Basic Laminate Installation Guide
A quick basic guide to fitting laminate flooring Manufacturers will have specific installation instructions it is essential to refer to these before installing. see links below
Step 1 Floor preparation
Subfloor preparation is key, the Subfloor must be swept and hoovered, removing any dust and debris, the sub floor needs to be sound and level, this is an ideal time to check for loose , damaged and squeaking boards. Any low areas if a concrete subfloor should be filled with a suitable levelling compound. All subfloors should be dry and level which means less than 3mm deviation over a 1m area.
Step 2 Acclimatisation
All Laminate floors will need to be climatized, this is as easy as leaving them in the room they are going to be fitted. no need to open the boxes, the room temperature should be maintained as normal (15-25°C) Never install your new laminate floor as soon as they arrive. allowing the floor to climatize for at least 48 hours in the room it will be installed will allow the flooring to become accustomed to the new climate and conditions.
Step 3 Installing underlay
All laminate require an underlay, this will help with sound And help level any minor flooring irregularities, it can also prevent moisture being drawn in to your new laminate floors if being fitted over a concrete subfloor.
Underlay must cover the whole area ensuring that it doesn’t overlap in any area as this will make the floor uneven. the only tools required are a tape measure and a stanley knife / scissors. If fitting underlay with a built in damp proof membrane (DPM) ensure it is fitted with the DPM facing the subfloor.
Step 3 Installing the boards
All laminate floors will require an expansion gap to be left around the perimeter, as temperatures increase so does humidity, your laminate absorb the moisture in the air causing your boards to expand. if insufficient expansion gap has been left around the perimeter it can cause the boards to buckle, bulge, crack. the expansion gap can the be hidden with the use of either skirting boards or scotia
First measure the width of the room then divide measurement by width of board to establish how many full boards you will need and what is the size of the off cut required to complete the width. Example width of room 3300mm, width of board 197mm = 3300 ÷ 197 = 16 full planks width the cut of required 148m, it is advised to avoid board widths of 60mm wide on the width ends.
Starting in a the corner of the room, working from left to right remembering to allow 10-12mm for expansion, place your 1st board with the tongue facing the wall we recommend using spacers to help maintain the expansion gap, continue to complete the row of full boards following the manufacturers guide lines. the last board may need to be cut to size, simply turn the board 180 degrees and place next to the last board fitted remembering to allow 10-12mm for expansion on the width and the length ends. then mark and make cut. placing the cut side facing the wall. the off cut if over 300mm can be used to start the next row. the length of the board may required to be cut when installing the final row simple place board full plank on top of last completed row then place another board against wall remembering to leave expansion gap, then mark and cut middle board see image.